Becoming a dog breeder is an unusual hobby – and in some cases, an unusual full-time profession. It requires a knowledge of a particular breed of dog, patience, and enough space to have at least one litter of puppies on the go at one time. It also arizona dog breeders requires enough money to both care for the bitch and her puppies properly, and to pay for the services of an experienced stud dog.
Dog breeders have different reasons for breeding, but a love for dogs is a must.
People decide to breed their dogs for a variety of reasons, including:
To make money. Breeding a dog and selling it for cash can turn a hobby into a profitable source of income. If you have the space, it can also be fun. But the initial investment can be considerable, and you will also need to put in a lot of time and energy, so think carefully before purchasing dogs on a whim.
To better the breed. Some people love a specific dog breed to much they want to better it, by breeding their pure-bred bitches with top-of-the-line studs.
Because you enjoy animals and caring for them. For some people, breeding dogs is the fulfilment of a lifelong dream. Parents also often like the idea as it teaches their children about the facts of life – and sometimes the facts of death.
To have fun. Dog breeding can be a lot of fun – if you can bear to part with the little cute critters once you breed them!
Choosing the Breed – And The Mate
Getting started is not that difficult, once you choose the type of dog you wish to breed. Regardless of your own personal hopes and dreams, there are many practical considerations to take into account. You will need to choose a type of dog that is right for you, your family and your home environment, which isn’t always a decision that can be made easily.
If you live in a small apartment, you may want to breed a small dog. If you live in sunny Florida, breeding a dog with a thick fur coat may not be the best idea. And if you live on farm with acres of outdoor space, a dog that loves to run free may be your best bet. In the same vein, breeding a breed known to be fierce and aggressive is not a wise choice if you have small children.
The mate you choose must not only be compatible with your dog, but also have a nice temperament and be free from illness and genetic disease. Regardless of whether you are breeding purebreds or mutts, you still have a responsibility to learn all you can about the stud’s background, unless you want six to eight puppies which nobody wants to buy.
According to Breeders.NET, the top 10 most popular dog breeds in North America are:
Labrador Retriever. Consistently the most popular breed in the States, according to American Kennel Club registration statistics, this family-friendly dog hails from Canada. Originally the worked next to fisherman helping haul in nets; nowadays they make great show dogs as well as guide dogs for the blind.
Golden Retriever. Intelligent, seeks to please, makes a keen hunter. Originated in Scotland, this outdoor dog requires plenty of exercise and wide open spaces.
Yorkshire Terrier. A member of the Toy group, in the 19th century they helped out in mills catching rats. A remarkable transformation followed: they left their working class roots and became playthings for the upper classes. Today they are enjoyed by everyone (except for those who compare them to rodents).
American Pit Bull Terrier. While there’s no doubt this type of dog can be aggressive, but owners say how their personality develops is usually up to how they are treated. They can be loyal and affectionate with the right training and lots of love.
Boxer. Obedient and smart, they are great for kids. Powerful and muscular, they were used once to fight other dogs, as well as in the hunt of large game. Despite their strength, they love children and seek constant affection.
German Shepherd. One of the most popular breeds in America. Smart and loyal, they make good military and police dogs, as well as fine pets.
Chihuahua. Small but intelligent, they are thought to have descended from a fox. They require little exercise but get cold easily.
Dachshund. Lively with a keen sense of smell, these “sausage dogs” were bred in Germany in the 1600s to create an elongated animal that could hunt out badgers from their burrows.
Shih Tzu. This fluffy little ball of fur has long silky hair and is a good companion animal. Are considered ideal for breeders with little space. Originating in China, they often weigh no more than 12 lb when fully grown.
Pug. One of the oldest breeds, they are famous for their even tempers and affectionate personalities. This breed dates back to 400 BC and comes in several different colors, all with the distinctive “muzzle” on their faces.
Types of Breeders
Hobby Breeder. Often used as a derogatory term, these are breeders who breed dogs simply because they enjoy it. Some breeders claim they fall roughly into two categories:
Responsible Hobby Breeders breed pedigreed animals, participate in dog shows and belong to dog clubs and organizations
Backyard Breeders raise often mutts and breed simply because they enjoy selling puppies, want to make money, or like to see their own pet having a good time! “Most are not aware of health issues in their breed(s), and do no health testing for common diseases such as hip dysplasia, glaucoma and other eye diseases. BYB often sell puppies through classified ads in local newspapers, at flea markets or the local Wal-Mart parking lot,” writes the Silver Fox Samoyed kennel website, which breeds only one litter a year. “These are average people who have litters to make some extra money and list their litters for sale in local newspapers. They most often charge less for puppies than pet stores or show breeders. Some breed their family pet because a friend or neighbor wants a puppy.”
High Volume Breeder. People who breed large numbers of dogs at one time in facilities which house a lot of dogs and produce a large number of litters every year.